Site to Site VPN with Netscreen 5GT and Netgear DG834G
I purchased my parents a new router/modem/wireless device the other day. It is a Netgear DG834G, great value for money.
Anyway the Netgear supports VPN termination, so I decided to setup a VPN between their house and mine. This allows me to run voip over the VPN without the need to worry about port forwarding (which is a real pain with SIP).
So the technical background:
1) Static IP address (184.108.40.206)
2) Juniper Netscreen 5GT running ScreenOS 5.3.0r2
3) 10.0.0.0/22 (10.0.0.0 – 10.0.3.255)
4) Router on address 10.0.0.254
Parents place: If you can get your ISP to give you static IP this will help big time, instead of dyndns.org use the static IP.
1) Dynamic IP address
2) Netgear DG834G running firmware V3.01.25 (Has also been tested to work with a DG834 with firmware V2.10.22)
3) 10.0.4.0/24 (10.0.4.0 – 10.0.4.254)
4) Router on address 10.0.4.254
Now the netgear has some limitations with the VPN. The main issue is that it only supports “Main Mode” authentication. Main Mode is designed for site to site VPNs both with static IP addresses. My parents don’t have a static IP address.
To get around this the netscreen allows you to point the remote end point (in this case the netgear) to a hostname. So for the netgear site you need to setup a dyndns.org account. For an example we will call this example.dyndns.org.
So lets setup the netscreen site first.
1) Setup IP Address Objects that point to each site. Under Objects > Addresses > List. In my case
10.0.0.0/22 TRUST (local)
10.0.4.0/25 UNTRUST (remote)
2) Now to setup the VPN Gateway on the netscreen. Under VPNs > AutoKey Advanced > Gateway.
Add a new connection like below:
Select your preshared key here too.
Now select Advanced (note you could use 3DES, but in this case I just use DES):
3) Now you need to setup Phase 2. Under VPNs > AutoKey IKE
Then select advanced:
4) Now we need to create a policy that allows traffic to flow in both directions. This is called a bidirectional VPN policy.
In Policies under Trust to Untrust create this policy.
5) Now time to setup the netgear. Create an auto VPN account
Note the preshared key must be the same for each device.
That should be all you need to do. You can monitor the connection on both sides through the log files. The netscreen outputs a more detailed log so it is best to read this.
If the connection doesn’t work it is best to troubleshoot the VPN from a console connection to the netscreen.
To start the debugging process type:
debug ike detail
To finish the debugging type:
get dbuf stream